The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is responsible for causing the disease AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Research and advances in medicine have led to a multitude of treatment options available to patients. Some or all of these options will involve complicated treatment regimens with combined therapies. Specialty pharmacy care coordination plays a vital role in patient and caregiver support for HIV/AIDS, as medication and treatments have evolved for this disease state over the last twenty years.